Sichuan peppercorns are made from the reddish or greenish husks of prickly ash shrubs. Sichuan peppercorn powder gives Chinese cuisine, such as kung pao chicken, that punchy vibrancy creating a mouth-numbing sensation.
Table of Contents
What is Sichuan peppercorn powder?
Szechuan peppercorns or Sichuan pepper is not a true pepper. That’s why it does not have that spicy flavor commonly rendered by black or white pepper.
Sichuan peppercorns are the berries of the common prickly ash tree that belongs to the citrus family. The black seeds are removed, and the husk can be used whole or in ground form, as Sichuan peppercorn powder in Chinese and other Asian dishes.
|Origin||Grows in Sichuan Province in Southwestern China, and Shandong, Shanxi, and Qinghai|
|Appearance||Come in shades of pink to burgundy, some are green|
|Flavor profile||Tastes similar to lime zest in combo with hot pepper, black pepper, and cardamom|
The name Sichuan pepper may cause some confusion. This mouth-numbing spice, sometimes called hua jiao (flower pepper), popular in Chinese cuisine, is not planted only in the Sichuan Province in Southwestern China. It is cultivated in Northern Chinese provinces such as Shandong, Shanxi, and Qinghai.
Sichuan peppercorns may come in shades of pink to burgundy. While the red variety is more common, there’s also green Sichuan peppercorn. The Sichuan pepper is turned into Sichuan peppercorn powder when dried and processed in a grinder or a pestle.
Unlike hot chili peppers or pungent black peppercorns, Sichuan peppercorns give dishes some citrusy overtones. This Chinese spice tastes similar to lime zest in combo with hot pepper, black pepper, and cardamom.
Szechuan pepper also creates that numbing sensation in the mouth, which may initially be unsettling. However, once used to it, people tend to love the tingly sensation similar to the fizziness of soda or a slight electric charge.
Sichuan peppercorn is an essential ingredient in the popular five-spice powder, combined with star anise, cinnamon, fennel seeds, and cloves. It also works well with ginger, brown sugar, vinegar, chili pepper, and other ingredients to create mouth-watering stir-fry, as a rub over poultry or other meats, and traditional Sichuan cuisine such as mapo tofu.
Nutritional Benefits of Sichuan peppercorn powder
Sichuan peppercorns contain various nutrients. Consuming Sichuan pepper can help boost potassium, zinc, iron, copper, vitamin A, and manganese, among other antioxidants and minerals.
Experts identified molecules in Sichuan peppercorns that benefit people with type 2 diabetes.
Likewise, scientists found that extracts from Sichuan pepper may help address discomfort and itching of sensitive skin. It may also decrease facial wrinkles.
The Szechuan pepper is believed to help address the iron deficiency and ensure enough oxygenated red blood cells circulate in your system. The vast health benefits of Sichuan peppercorns could include boosting the immune system, reducing pain, decreasing inflammation, and strengthening bones.
How do you use Sichuan pepper powder?
Traditional Chinese cooking recommends you toast Sichuan peppercorns before you crush or grind them. This tames the citrusy notes of the Sichuan pepper and heightens its woody flavor, making it perfect for meat dishes.
You can also mix Sichuan peppercorns with salt, making Szechuan pepper salt. This blend is good for seasoning seafood like shrimp. Szechuan pepper can also be infused with oil and used in salad or other cold dishes.
For Sichuan hot pot, you can use fresh green Sichuan peppercorn to give the soup that unique numbing effect.
Why does Sichuan peppercorn make your mouth numb?
Experts believe the unique mouth-numbing effect, ma, is due to the shanshool ingredient.
The said ingredient triggers nerves responsible for touch and vibration. Szechuan pepper chemically triggers the neurons that are also affected in people suffering from tingling and partial paralysis (numbing paresthesia).
Where to buy high-quality sichuan peppercorn powder?
You can buy high-quality, all-natural, Kosher, gluten-free, non-GMO Sichuan peppercorn powder in your local Asian stores, specialty stores, or online platforms like Amazon. However, note that storebought Szechuan peppercorn powder is inferior in flavor to freshly ground Sichuan peppercorns.
What can I use instead of Sichuan peppercorn powder?
If you cannot find Sichuan peppercorn powder, you can mix:
- 1 teaspoon of ground black pepper
- 1/4 teaspoon of lemon zest
- 1 teaspoon of coriander seed powder
This will give you a similar flavor but will not give you the umami and ma of Szechuan peppercorns.
3 Fun facts about Sichuan peppercorn powder
- Experts who looked into the tingly numbness of Sichuan pepper determined that the ingredient in Sichuan peppercorns produces a frequency of 50 Hz, well within the range of electrons vibrating in most power lines.
- This spice was on the radar of the United States Food and Drug Administration. The US imposed an importation ban from 1968 to 2005 because Sichuan peppercorns were potential carriers of citrus cankers. This bacterial disease was harmful to local citrus plants.
- In Japan, they celebrate Szechuan pepper in the annual Tokyo Sichuan Festival, a two-day affair serving different pepper-filled Sichuan dishes attracting around 100,000 Sichuan peppercorn fans from all over the globe.